Economic reforms, a burgeoning middle class and regional diversity against the background of the new African Continental Free Trade Area, are making Africa's Portuguese-speaking countries a hotspot for investor interest. Additionally, new tools - such as the Development Finance Compact for Lusophone Africa - give investors and lenders more comfort to enter into these markets. Mateus Magala reports.
The six African countries called PALOPs, their Portuguese acronym - Angola, Cabo Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Equatorial Guinea, Mozambique and São Tomé e Principe - are very diverse. They range from Equatorial Guinea, Africa's richest country per capita, to lower income economies; from Angola's and Mozambique's populations of over 30 million to Cabo Verde's and São Tomé's, of less than one million; and from south-eastern Africa to the north-west of the continent.
These states also share important traits. They have a common heritage and language. As independent states, they have fostered trade ties with Portugal and Brazil, among others. And, most importantly for our current consideration they have all recognized that they must do more to unleash the potential of the private sector in their countries.
The private sector here faces constraints, ranging from lack of affordable financing to difficulties in project preparation. The good news is that the PALOP governments are determined to tackle these issues - with the help of their partners, such as the African Development Bank.
In November 2017, bank president Akinwumi Adesina visited Lisbon for discussions on how Portugal and the Bank could work in a more integrated manner. Out of this meeting emerged a vision for a new partnership, one that is open to other partners: the Development Finance Compact for Lusophone Africa.
Signed at the November 2018 Africa Investment Forum, its goal is very simple: to accelerate the diversified, sustainable and inclusive growth of the private sector in the six PALOPs. And it is completely focused on transactions to deliver practical results on the ground.
How does the Lusophone Compact propose to do this? Put simply, it is results-based and focused on two types of interventions: financing and risk mitigation from the partners for specific private sector and public-private sector partnership (PPP) investments in the PALOPs; and technical assistance projects that enable the private sector or specific investments, such as project preparation and access to finance. It is operationalized through country-specific Compacts, with concrete targets, that have been signed for each PALOP.
For its part, Portugal has made available €400m in guarantees in 2019 to back bank financing for private sector and PPP projects in the PALOPs. And the bank is contributing its own financing as well as resources for the administration of the Lusophone Compact.
Additionally, it is important to stress that the PALOPs themselves are equal partners in this initiative: they have a responsibility to work on enabling the private sector investments in their countries, and the Compact also seeks to leverage intra-PALOP investments and sharing of best practices. Finally, we are encouraged that other states and development finance providers want to join or partner with the Lusophone Compact.
The time is now
Angola and Equatorial Guinea have both embarked on ambitious programs to diversify their economies away from natural resources. Mozambique, which is beginning to receive massive investments related to the natural gas sector, also recognizes the need to grow sectors like agribusiness and industry, to increase employment.
Cabo Verde, already a middle-income country, is seeking to diversify its economy too - attracting new types of tourists while also growing its fishing and agribusiness sectors. São Tomé e Principe and Guinea-Bissau, members of the Alliance of Small Island States, seek sustainable investments that both promote growth and deal with their exposure to climate change, including through the so-called "blue economy".
All of these countries are determined to increase trade, both among themselves and within their regions, which include Africa's largest economies.
That is why the PALOPs are eyeing the 2019 Africa Investment Forum - the unique investment marketplace for regional investments, pioneered by the African Development Bank last year.
Mateus Magala is vice-president of corporate services and human resources at the African Development Bank