Six members of a crime group have been jailed for 45 years sentence for devising a fake eco-investment scheme as a tax break for wealthy investors, HMRC’s investigation revealed.
They are sentenced for a £107.9m fraud in one of the UK’s biggest tax crimes, according to the investigation that lasted 10 years.
HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) investigators stopped a group of bankers, businessmen, a solicitor and an engineer from cashing-in on what they thought was the perfect crime.
The investigation revealed the scheme was nothing more than a fraud based on a complex series of contrived bank and paper transactions.
A total of 730 investors signed up to the scheme, induced by the offer of an immediate large return – a £20,000 investment would result in a successful claim for £32,000 in tax relief.
The group used the investors’ money to fund their lavish lifestyles, buying properties around the world, expensive jewellery and enjoying luxury holidays.
Simon York, director of Fraud Investigation Service, HMRC said: “This was an audacious and cynical fraud on an astonishing scale, characterised by greed and a complete disregard for the ecological causes the perpetrators claimed to be supporting. Instead the group spent investors’ money on their own lavish lifestyles.
“These individuals thought they had worked out the perfect fraud. At every step they used contrived offshore structures, complex transactions and blatant lies in an attempt to hide their tracks and derail our criminal investigation.
“But the determination and professionalism of our teams has shown, yet again, that we will not hesitate to bring fraudsters to justice. Work has now begun to recover the proceeds of this crime in order to fund vital public services.”
Richards, the self-styled ringmaster and originator of the fraud, led the group to create and trade Carbon Emission Reduction Certificates which help countries hit environmental emissions targets set by the United Nations.
He was assisted by entrepreneur Robert Gold, of Dubai, described in court as Richards’ bulldog and negotiator who ensured the fraudulent deals actually took place. He diverted money from the scheme to purchase properties in the UK and Dubai for himself.
Rodney Whiston-Dew, from south-east London – a solicitor and former president of the Rotary Club of London – set up the complex offshore structures to disguise the true nature of the fraud and hide the money, none of which was declared to HMRC.
The other group members found guilty at Southwark Crown Court were environmentalist and business consultant Jonathan Anwyl, of East Sussex and former music industry executive and ex-banker Evdoros Chrysanthos Demetriou, from Oxford.
They denied charges of conspiracy to cheat the public revenue when the case opened in February 2017 at Southwark Crown Court. Richards, Gold, Whiston-Dew and Demetriou also denied cheating the public revenue.
But they were found guilty by a jury and sentenced on Friday 10 November, 2017.
Another of the group, Malcolm Gold, previously of Hertfordshire, pleaded guilty to a charge of cheating the public revenue in November 2016 and was sentenced to 20 months in prison in January 2017.
Sentencing the men, Justice Andrew Edis said: “You played with high stakes and lost. It was bare-faced dishonesty and you did everything to inflict loss on the public, the people who pay their taxes, who were also victims.
“It was utter dishonesty, sophisticated planning and astonishing greed hidden behind a mask of concern for the environment.”
There is no evidence to suggest investors – who are paying back the money they received from HMRC – knew the scheme was a scam or that their money was not being spent on research and development.
HMRC is seeking to recover criminal proceeds from the fraudsters.