OECD opens consultation into mandatory disclosure of Common Reporting Standard avoidance schemes
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the Paris-based entity behind the global information exchange programme known as the Common Reporting Standard, has opened a consultation into a proposed regulatory regime that would require advisers and other service providers to disclose information on any schemes designed to circumvent the CRS – and those who make use of them – to the relevant national tax authorities.
This information would then be available to be viewed by any other tax authority signed up to the CRS.
The consultation on the so-called “Mandatory Disclosure Rules for Addressing CRS Avoidance Arrangements and Offshore Structures”, is described a coming in the wake of a declaration by the G7 finance ministers in May that called on the OECD to start “discussing possible ways to address arrangements designed to circumvent reporting under the Common Reporting Standard, or aimed at providing beneficial owners with the shelter of non-transparent structures”.
This declaration states that the discussions “should include consideration of ‘model mandatory disclosure rules inspired by the approach taken for avoidance arrangements outlined within the BEPS Action 12 Report'”, the OECD notes on page 3 of its public discussion draft.
In a statement announcing the proposal to introduce the new disclosure rules “of CRS avoidance arrangements and offshore structures”, the OECD notes that challenges “still remain” in the area of international tax transparency in spite of dramatic improvements over the past decade.
“High profile leaks, such as the release of the ‘Panama’ and the ‘Paradise’ papers by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists underscore the widespred use of offshore structures to hide beneficial ownership of assets and income,” it adds.
The model rules being proposed, it explains,”are intended to target promoters and service providers with a material involvement in the design, marketing or implementation of CRS avoidance arrangements or offshore structures.
“[they] would require such intermediaries to disclose information on the scheme to their national tax authority.
“The rules contemplate that information on those schemes (including the identity of any user or beneficial owner) would then be made available to other tax authorities in accordance with the requirements of the applicable information exchange agreement.”
Those wishing to comment on the proposed disclosure rules must do so by 15 January, the OECD says, by email to MandatoryDisclosure@oecd.org in Word document format, and addressed to “the International Co-operation and Tax Administration Division, OECD/CTPA”.
New global info reporting system
The Common Reporting Standard is a new global information reporting system, signed up to at this point by more than 100 countries and beginning to come into force this year, which aims to provide for the automatic exchange of financial account information across international borders by most countries for the first time.
Its origins lie in the 2008 global financial crisis, which also spawned America’s earlier and still existing information exchange scheme, FATCA. (FATCA, formally known as the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act, still exists, and is the reason the US says it won’t be participating in the CRS.)
The first automatic CRS exchanges took place in September, with some 49 jurisdictions participating. Another 53 have committed to begin taking part in the automatic information exchange programme next year.
To read and download the OECD’s 45-page discussion paper, click here.
To read how the OECD is defining a CRS “avoidance arrangement” in its draft Disclosure Rules document, see page 2, below.